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“Do you wanna talk about impoliteness? How rude!”

Introduction
Denis Jamet and Manuel Jobert

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1Ever since the publication of Politeness – Some Universals in Language Use in 1978, the study of verbal interactions has been somewhat biased and “linguistic politeness” has established itself as the main research area. Brown & Levinson’s model has of course been adapted and criticised but it remains highly influential. More recently, however, a new research paradigm has emerged, that of impoliteness.

2Many scholars, like Culpeper [1996], [2003], [2005] and [2010] or Bousfield [2008], now endeavour to counterbalance the previous theory and study the notion of “impoliteness” more thoroughly than ever before. Is the study of impoliteness bound to replace the study of politeness? Is it simply a way of compensating for a research area that has been neglected for too long or is it the beginning of a new approach to the study of verbal interactions encompassing both politeness and impoliteness under the umbrella term of (im)politeness?

3The articles of this issue of Lexis are the proceedings of the mini-conference organised by the Centre d’Etudes Linguistiques of the Université Jean Moulin – Lyon 3. The purpose of this conference was to prepare the theoretical ground for the conference on “Linguistic Impoliteness and Rudeness” to be held in May 2011 at the Université Jean Moulin – Lyon 3. In 2008 Denis Jamet & Manuel Jobert organised a conference on “Euphemism” (L’Empreinte de l’Euphémisme – Tours et détours, Jamet & Jobert (eds), Paris, L’harmattan, 2010) in which many presentations were devoted to euphemisms construed as mitigating devices and dysphemisms interpreted as Face Threatening Acts.

4We should like to thank Professor Catherine Kerbrat-Orecchioni (Université Lumière – Lyon 2) for accepting to be the keynote speaker of this mini-conference. Her expertise and availability at this time were highly appreciated by the participants.

5The first three articles of this issue are devoted to considerations relative to politeness and impoliteness. Manuel Jobert (Université Jean Moulin – Lyon 3) assesses the importance of studies on impoliteness in the present context and advocates a global approach to (im)politeness. Olivier Simonin (Université de Perpignan) tackles (im)politeness in connexion with Grice’s Cooperative Principle and Sperber & Wilson’s Relevance Principle. Catherine Kerbrat-Orecchioni (Université Lumière – Lyon 2) introduces several nuances, such as “overpoliteness” or “polirudeness” in order to obtain a better theoretical grasp of the complexity of what verbal interactions are about. She draws examples from several political debates featuring Nicolas Sarkozy and from everyday exchanges taking place in educational settings. With Nadia Lahiana (Institut Supérieur des Langues de Tunis), we remain in the context of French political debates, construed as a means of exposing conflict talk. Valerija Sinkeviciute (University of Vilnius) studies first encounter conversations in Spanish and in English, comparing positive and negative politeness in two movies. Rudy Loock (Université Charles de Gaulle – Lille 3) adopts a syntactical approach to (im)politeness and studies how appositive relative clauses may be used to soften the possible FTA. Along the same lines, Graham Ranger (Université d’Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse) analyses the different uses of You see! as a parenthetical comment clause in initial, median and final positions as well as a politeness marker. Finally, Julie Neveux (Université de la Sorbonne – Paris 4) analyses metaphors as potentially impolite speech acts.

6The present issue gives a fairly good indication of what (im)politeness studies may entail. Be they theoretical, applied, comparative, syntactic or rhetorical, the different approaches are varied and cover a wide range of issues.

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Bibliography

Bousfield Derek, Impoliteness in Interaction, Amsterdam, John Benjamins, 2008.

Bousfield Derek & Locher Miriam (eds), Impoliteness in Language, Berlin, Mouton de Guyter, 2008.

Brown P. & Levinson S., Politeness, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Culpeper Jonathan, “Towards an anatomy of impoliteness”, Journal of Pragmatics, 25, 1996: 349-367

Culpeper Jonathan (with Bousfield D. and Wichmann A.), “Impoliteness revisited: With special reference to dynamic and prosodic aspects”, Journal of Pragmatics 35, 2003: 1545-1579.

Culpeper Jonathan, “Impoliteness and entertainment in the television quiz show: The Weakest Link”, Journal of Politeness Research 1, 2005: 35-72.

Culpeper Jonathan, Impoliteness: Using Language to Cause Offence, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, to be published.

Jamet Denis & Jobert Manuel (eds), Empreintes de l’Euphémisme. Tours et détours, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2010.

Kerbrat-Orecchioni Catherine, L’énonciation, Paris, Armand Colin, (1980) 1997.

Kerbrat-Orecchioni Catherine, Les Interactions verbales, 3 vol., Paris, Nathan, 1990.

Kerbrat-Orecchioni Catherine, Les Actes de langage dans le discours, Paris, Nathan, 2001.

Kerbrat-Orecchioni Catherine, Le Discours de l’interaction, Paris, Armand Colin, 2005.

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References

Electronic reference

Denis Jamet and Manuel Jobert, « “Do you wanna talk about impoliteness? How rude!” », Lexis [Online], HS 2 | 2010, Online since 06 September 2010, connection on 29 April 2017. URL : http://lexis.revues.org/775

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About the authors

Denis Jamet

Université de Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3), France

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Manuel Jobert

Université de Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3), France

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